About Us India-Belarus Relations

India-Belarus Bilateral Relations

India’s relations with Belarus have been traditionally warm and cordial. India was one of the first countries to recognize Belarus as independent country in 1991. Formal diplomatic relations were established and the Indian diplomatic mission was opened in Minsk in 1992-with the first Resident Ambassador joining in January 1993-followed by Belarus in 1998 in New Delhi. Belarus opened its Honorary Consulate in Kolkata in December 2002 and in Mumbai in September 2018. In August 2021 MEA extended approval for opening of a new Belarusian Consulate General in Mumbai.

Bilateral relations between India and Belarus are marked by broad understanding on issues of mutual interest. The two countries enjoy a comprehensive partnership and have established mechanisms for exchanging views on bilateral, regional and multilateral issues through Foreign Office Consultations, Intergovernmental Commission (IGC), and Joint Commission on Military Technical Cooperation. The last FOC (6th Session) was held in October 2018 in New Delhi. The 10th IGC meeting was held in New Delhi in March 2020. The two countries have signed a number of Agreements/MoUs on various subjects, including trade and economic cooperation, culture, education, media and sports, tourism, science & technology, agriculture, textiles, Avoidance of Double Taxation, Promotion and Protection of Investments, and defence and technical cooperation.

Both countries have exchanged high level visits at regular intervals. Hon'ble Rashtrapatiji’s State Visit in June 2015 to Minsk, the first presidential visit from India to Belarus, has further provided impetus to the existing bilateral relations. During the visit, six MoUs for cooperation in areas such as broadcasting, standardization, textiles, and financial securities were signed and a Roadmap for future cooperation was exchanged. Government of India also announced a line of credit (LoC) of US$100 million to Belarus. President of Belarus visited India in 1997, 2007 and 2017. 

The two countries cooperate and coordinate their efforts in the international, multilateral and regional matters with a commonality of views on several international and regional issues. Belarus has been supportive of India’s candidature for a permanent seat at the UNSC. Belarus supported India’s candidature for the non-permanent seat of UNSC for the years 2021-22. Belarus also supported India at Nuclear Suppliers Group meetings. Similarly, India has supported Belarus for its membership in the NAM and also other international and multilateral fora like IPU. India's supportive stand on various Resolutions in Geneva and New York targeting Belarus for violation of human rights and restrictions on freedom of expression have also been appreciated by Belarus. Belarus recognizes India as an emerging global power and seeks to develop a “strategic relationship” with India.

Bilateral trade between the two countries remains below its true potential.  Two-way bilateral trade in 2020 amounted to US$ 627 million. The trade balance remains in favour of Belarus primarily on account of imports of Potash. Belarus played an important role in the setting up of the Advance Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials in Hyderabad in 1991. Indian PSU, BHEL, was awarded a contract worth US$ 55.5 million under GoI's credit line for the Grodno Power Project-II.  The project was commissioned in June 2013 and is running well. A Digital Learning Centre in ICT at High Technology Park in Minsk set up with India's Rs. 5 Crore credit line began operating in February 2011 and was formally inaugurated in January 2012.   

In 2011, BelAZ signed an MoU with an Indian company Enrika for establishing a joint venture for servicing the Belarusian dumper trucks in India. BelAZ signed another contract with Coal India Ltd. for supply of 77 mining dump trucks in October 2019.  Belarus participated in the India International Trade Fair in November 2012 as ‘Partner Country’ and again in 2016 as focus country.  Belarusian Trade Minister visited Mumbai in February 2016 to participate in the ‘Make in India’ conference. The 10th Session of India-Belarus Joint Business Council was held in New Delhi in Nov 2016. Cooperation in science & technology and defence is an important aspect of India-Belarus bilateral relations.  

Belarus is a partner in the ITEC Program of the Ministry of External Affairs since 1993.  Over 325 Belarusian professionals have benefited under the Program through various professional courses in designated institutions in India.

The Indian Community in Belarus consists of around 112 Indian nationals and 906 Indian students pursuing studies in medicine in State medical universities in Belarus.  Indian art and culture, dance, yoga, ayurveda, films, etc. remain popular among Belarusian nationals. Many young Belarusians also take keen interest in learning Hindi and dance forms of India. Hindi classes had been started at Belarusian State University (BSU), Minsk in September 2017, the first batch of 15 students completed their 2-year course in July 2020. A Centre of Indian Culture at BSU, Minsk was inaugurated in July 2020.

Ambassador of India in Belarus: Shri Alok Ranjan Jha

Ambassador of Belarus in India: H.E. Mr. Andrei I. Rzheussky 

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