About Us Factsheet on Belarus

Official Name: Republic of Belarus

Geographical Location:  Eastern Europe. Latitude: 53.9167-degree North. Longitude: 27.5500-degree East

Neighbouring Countries: Belarus is a landlocked country, bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the South, Poland to the west, and the Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest

Area: 207,600 Sq. Kms.

Population: 9.49 million (2023 est.)

Capital: Minsk

Currency: Belarusian Ruble (BYN) [1 US$= 3.20 BYN]

Major cities/towns: Minsk, Brest, Grodno, Gomel, Mogilev and Vitebsk. Over 42% of Belarus’ land area is covered by forest. Three major rivers run through the country are: the Neman, the Pripyat and the Dnieper. In addition, there are over 11,000 lakes and streams in Belarus.

Political Structure: Belarus is a Presidential Republic.  Under the Constitution adopted on 15 March 1994 (with amendments and additions made following the national referendums on 24 November 1996, 17 October 2004 and 27 February 2022), President is the Executive Head of the State and the guarantor of the Constitution. President Aleksandr Lukashenko was re-elected for the sixth term in August 2020.  The President nominates the Prime Minister and the Parliament approves or rejects the nomination.  The bicameral National Assembly (Parliament) consists of 110 Members’ House of Representatives (Lower House) and 64 Members’ Council of the Republic (Upper House).

President: H.E. Aleksandr Grigoryevich Lukashenko

Prime Minister: H.E. Roman Golovchenko

Minister of Foreign Affairs: H.E. Sergei Aleinik

Climate: The country is in the transitional zone between continental climates and maritime climates. Temperature ranges between maximum +35 and -35.

Languages: Belarusian and Russian

Religions: Eastern Orthodox 80%; Others 20% (Roman, Catholic, Protestant, Jews & Muslims)

Economic Indicators: The Belarusian economy has a strong public sector component (almost 80%) with considerable State control. 

GDP: US$ 73.046 billion (2022) GDP growth rate: 3.9% (2023)

Total trade (goods): US$ 74.96 billion (2022)

Imports: US$ $37.39 billion (2022) Exports: US$ 37.57 billion (2022)

Time Zone: Further-Eastern European Time (FET) Zone.

Internet TLD: .by

Calling code: +375

February 2024